Rassemble plus de 500 images issues du patrimoine photographique classées par auteur et explorant tous les champs : événements et personnalités célèbres, paysages fantastiques, photojournalisme, portraits, sport, vie sauvage, mode, vie quotidienne, etc. Chaque photo est commentée et un système de renvois regroupe les photographes d'un même mouvement ou traitant d'un même sujet.
Cet ouvrage de référence nous guide parmi plus de 440 photographies qui ont marqué l'histoire du médium, de ses débuts, au xixe siècle, jusqu'à aujourd'hui.
Le principe est simple : chaque double page ouvre une discussion autour d'un artiste dans son temps et de plusieurs photographies décodées pour tenter de dévoiler l'impulsion mystérieuse à l'origine de la prise de vue. Ian Jeffrey nous offre une lecture vivante et sensible des images, ponctuée d'anecdotes éclairantes que le lecteur sera enthousiaste de découvrir et de partager à son tour.
Les photographes présents dans cet ouvrage :
William Henry Fox Talbot, David Octavius Hill et Robert Adamson, Gustave Le Gray, Roger Fenton, Julia Margaret Cameron, Peter Henry Emerson, Frederick H. Evans, Eugène Atget, Louis Vert, Paul Géniaux, Jacques Henri Lartigue, Wilhelm von Thoma, Alfred Stieglitz, Lewis Hine, August Sander, Doris Ulmann, Alexandre Rodtchenko, Arkadi Chaïkhet, Boris Ignatovitch, François Kollar, Margaret Bourke-White, Edward Weston, Paul Strand, Albert Renger-Patzsch, László Moholy-Nagy, Erich Salomon, André Kertész, Germaine Krull, Brassaï, Henri Cartier-Bresson, Manuel Álvarez Bravo, Josef Sudek, Bill Brandt, Lisette Model, Helen Levitt, Robert Capa, Dorothea Lange, Arthur Rothstein, Russell Lee, John Vachon, Jack Delano, Walker Evans, Ben Shahn, René-Jacques, Izis, Marcel Bovis, Robert Doisneau, Ansel Adams, Minor White, David Seymour, Louis Faurer, Robert Frank, Diane Arbus, Dorothy Bohm, Ed van der Elsken, Garry Winogrand, Lee Friedlander, Robert Adams, William Christenberry, William Eggleston, Shomei Tomatsu, Takuma Nakahira, Daido Moriyama, Lewis Baltz, Joel Meyerowitz, Stephen Shore, Anders Petersen, Joel Sternfeld, Candida Höfer, Barbara Kruger, Jeff Wall, Nan Goldin, Cindy Sherman, Axel Hütte, Thomas Struth, Andreas Gursky, Thomas Ruff, Jörg Sasse, Alec Soth, Rinko Kawauchi.
The unique biology of cardiac fibroblasts and related cells, such as cardiac myofibroblasts and valvular interstitial cells, distinguish them from other fibroblastic cells, a concept that is only beginning to be widely appreciated. Further, the natural signals that stimulate and inhibit cardiac fibrosis within these cells are not well understood. This volume compiles articles that address the molecular mechanisms that control the synthesis and secretion of the cardiac ECM. The book showcases chapters that highlight discussion of role of Transforming Growth Factor ß (TGFß), an important fibrogenic cytokine and its downstream effectors SMAD in many cardiac diseases. Further, the contributions highlight information to discuss endogenous inhibitors of cardiac fibrosis, as well as advances in tissue engineering specific to matrix in the heart. Finally, discussions of unifying mechanisms of matrix remodeling in valves and myocardium are presented.The mechanisms involved in the stimulation of cardiac fibrosis are not fully understood. In most cases the marginal attenuation of cardiac fibrosis as a result of a given therapy is a beneficial side-effect linked to other primary effects on other cells, especially cardiomyocytes. Very few drugs or agents are known to affect the function and dysfunction of cardiac fibroblasts and myofibroblasts alone. The book helps to translate the information gathered within to allow us to alter the course of fibrogenic events that are typical of cardiac fibrosis, and thereby reduce their burden on the patient and on society itself.
This book explores a new way of applying clinical ethics. Empathy-based ethics is based on the patient-doctor relationship and seeks to encourage a more humane form of medical practice. The author argues that the current emphasis on the biomedical model of medicine and a detached concern form of professionalism have damaged the patient-doctor relationship. He investigates examples of the dehumanization of patients and demonstrates a contrasting view of humane care. The book presents empathy as a relational construct - it provides an in-depth analysis of the process of empathizing. It discusses an empathy-based ethics approach underpinned by clinical examples of the practical application of this new approach. It suggests how empathy-based ethics can be embedded in clinical practice, medical education and research. The book concludes by examining the challenges in implementing such an approach and looks to a future which redresses the current imbalance between biomedical and psychosocial approaches to medicine.
This book investigates new insights into the factors influencing empathy in medical students. Addressing the widely perceived empathy gap in teaching and medical practice, the book presents a new study into how this emotion is facilitated in the UK undergraduate medical curriculum, and its influence on doctor-patient relationships. The author utilises Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) to investigate how medical students' perspective on empathy changed throughout their education. It presents the risks students perceive when connecting emotionally with patients; their use of detachment as a taught coping mechanism; and the question of how they regulate their emotions.
The book reveals the tension between students' connection with and detachment from a patient and their aim to achieve an appropriate balance. The author presents a number of factors which seem to enhance empathy, and explores the balance of scientific biomedical versus psychosocial approaches in medical training. In contrast to the commonly-reported opinion that there has been decline in medical students' empathy, this book contends that student empathy in fact increased during their training. This new study offers invaluable insight into how students and practitioners may be supported in dealing appropriately with their emotions as well as with those of their patients, thereby facilitating more humane medical care.